- hwyDefinition: Also hyy. To be, become.I. 1. Yahweh, from Hebrew yahweh, assumed ancient pronunciation of the name of the God of Israel, perhaps meaning «he brings into existence,» causative derived stem of hāwâ, hāyâ, to be. 2. Jehovah, modern mispronunciation (since the 16th century a.d.) of Yahweh, in which the Hebrew consonants Y(J)-H-W(V)-H were pronounced with the vowels of the Hebrew word ɔădōnāy (see d), which were added to the Hebrew consonantal text of the Bible to indicate that the latter word was to be read instead of the divine name.II. Various short forms of Hebrew yahweh (see I above), found mostly in personal names. 1. Jah, from Hebrew yāh, short for yahweh, Yahweh, also appearing in the following personal names: a. Jedidiah, from Hebrew yǝdîdyāh, beloved of Yahweh (see dwd); b. Matthew, from Hebrew mattayyāh (⇐ *mattan-yāh), gift of Yahweh; c. Nehemiah, from Hebrew nǝḥemyāh, Yahweh comforted; d. Obadiah, from Hebrew cōbadyāh, servant of Yahweh; e. Tobit, from Hebrew ṭôbīyāh, my good (is) Yahweh; f. Uriah, from Hebrew ɔûrîyāh, my light (is) Yahweh (ɔûrî, my light; see wr-1); g. Zechariah, from Hebrew zǝkaryāh, Yahweh has remembered; h. Zephaniah, from Hebrew ṣǝpanyāh, Yahweh has hidden, Yahweh has treasured. 2a. Hezekiah, from Hebrew ḥizqîyāh(û), my strength (is) Yahweh (see ḥzq); b. Isaiah, from Hebrew yǝšacyāhû, salvation of Yahweh; c. Jeremiah, jeremiad, from Hebrew yirmǝyāhû, Yahweh has established; d. Elijah, from Hebrew ɔēlîyāhû, my God (is) Yahweh (see l-1). a–d all from Hebrew yāhû, short form of yahweh, Yahweh. 3a. Joab, from Hebrew yôɔāb, Yahweh (is) father (see b); b. Joel, from Hebrew yôɔēl, Yahweh (is) God; c. John, from Hebrew yôḥānān, Yahweh has been gracious; d. Jonathan, from Hebrew yônātān, Yahweh has given (see ntn). a–d all from Hebrew yô, short form of yahweh, Yahweh. 4a. Jehoshaphat, from Hebrew yǝhôšāpāṭ, Yahweh has judged (šāpāṭ, he has judged; see ṯpṭ); b. (i) Joshua, from yǝhôšûac, Yahweh (is) salvation (*šûac, salvation; see wṯ); (ii) Jesus, from Hebrew yēšûac, shortening of yǝhôšûac, Joshua (see above). Both a and b from yǝhô, short form of yahweh, Yahweh.
The American Heritage dictionary of the English language. 2015.